Periodontal health and pregnancy

Research has indicated that women with periodontal disease may be at risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as giving birth to a pre-term or low-birth weight baby. New clinical recommendations from the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) and the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) urge pregnant women to maintain periodontal health, in addition to maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

If periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss and has been associated with other systemic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Several research studies have suggested that women with periodontal disease may be more likely to deliver babies prematurely or with low-birth weight than mothers with healthy gums. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), babies with a birth weight of less than 5.5 pounds may be at risk of long-term health problems such as delayed motor skills, social growth, or learning disabilities.

The medical and dental communities concur that maintaining periodontal health is an important part of a healthy pregnancy. The clinical recommendations released by the AAP and the EFP state that non-surgical periodontal therapy is safe for pregnant women, and can result in improved periodontal health.

For more information, read the full article from perio.org HERE.